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History shows that professionally managed and regulated service delivery models are key to accelerate progress towards safely managed sanitation. Nevertheless, in many places, no one has the formal mandate for regulating sanitation – especially on-site services – or mandates are unclear. Delegated responsibility models are assumed, or not accompanied with proper means when they are formalized.

Clear mandates and strong accountability are a bedrock for organizing the sector. Before formulating more detailed regulatory mechanisms for the various steps of the sanitation chain, sorting out gaps and overlaps in mandates for regulating sanitation is a critical first step . Therefore, this session will present promising regulatory and accountability models being currently implemented, and will discuss pathways for scaling success.

The session will be interactive, sharing the latest evidence on accountability models teasing apart functions of standard-setting, monitoring, and enforcement; contrasting models in different jurisdictions, drawing on the collective knowledge of regulatory networks like WHO RegNet, the IWA Regulators Community, and the regional associations of ESAWAS and ADERASA. A focus will be placed on inputs from national regulator experiences and approaches to identify the risks involved in regulatory priorities and smart enforcement (RIA, CBA, CEA, etc).